Because of his loyalty and impressive record, he was appointed Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the first Indian ever to hold the office. Arthur C. Parker’s biography of his great-uncle, Ely S. Parker, rectifies this by bringing color to a remarkable man who stood at Ulysses S. Grant’s right hand side from the Chattanooga Campaign through the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Courthouse. Guest: Dr Claudia Haake … Ely Parker's father, Seneca Chief William Parker, was a veteran of the War of 1812 and a grandson of Disappearing Smoke (also known as Old King) a prominent figure in the early history of the Seneca. 1828 – August 31, 1895. [2]One of his elder brothers, Nicholson Parker, also became a prominent Seneca leader as he was a powerful orator, much like the family’s famous relation Red Jacket had been. Elizabeth and … He wrote the final draft of the Confederate surrender terms at Appomattox. Ely had a classical education at a missionary school, was fully bilingual speaking the Seneca language as well as English, and went on to college. [2], As a young man, Parker worked in a legal firm reading law for the customary three years in Ellicottville, New York and then applied to take the bar examination. Parker was later appointed to the very position Morgan had once aspired to, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Ely Parker’s family was well respected and well versed in the ways of the whites. Ely S. Parker was a Seneca Indian born in 1828 on the Tonawanda Indian Reservation in western New York. He spent his life bridging his identities as Seneca and a resident of the United States. (Syracuse University Press, 1978) ISBN 0-8156-0143-3. Parker received many visits at Police Headquarters on Mulberry Street from Jacob Riis, the photographer famous for documenting the lives of slum dwellers. They requested that his widow relocate his body. Parker was present when Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865. Many had chosen to adopt the ways of the whites, hoping in this manner to improve their situation. As a supervisor of government projects in Galena, Illinois, he befriended Ulysses S. Grant, forming a strong and collegial relationship that was useful later. Ely excelled in school and became extremely fluent in English. During the Civil War, Parker, a close friend and colleague of General Ulysses S. Grant, served the Union cause and penned the final copy of the Confederate army's surrender terms at the Appomattox Courthouse in 1865. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), (born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa) was a Native American of the Seneca nation who was an attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat.He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, where he served as adjutant to General Ulysses S. Grant.He wrote the final draft of the Confederate … But his hopes of becoming a lawyer were dashed when no way could be found around a New York State law which prohibited aliens from being admitted to the bar. Parker really delivers with this book on Seneca Indian Chief and Union Civil War General Ely S. Parker. Edition of 1900. Under his leadership, the number of military actions against Indians were reduced and there was an effort to support tribes in their transition to lives on reservations. While Parker wrote much of Grant’s correspondence throughout the last couple years of the Civil War, Parker’s most famous contribution to the Civil War would be the ending of the war. The chapters on Ulysses Grant are especially interesting. Parker served in this office from 1869 to 1871. Later in his career, Parker … Her given name was Maud Theresa, but Ely also called her Ah … The author unveils some little-known information about Grant and his relationship with Parker. 253, ante, 420), "Ely Parker - Chief, Lawyer, Engineer, and Brigadier General", Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, National Park Service: Ely Parker- A Real American", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ely_S._Parker&oldid=1002037641, American lawyers admitted to the practice of law by reading law, Burials at Forest Lawn Cemetery (Buffalo), Native American United States military personnel, Native Americans in the American Civil War, People of New York (state) in the American Civil War, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Parker's career and impact on contemporary Native Americans is described in Chapter 8 of, He is said to have helped found the town of, Parker is featured as a character in the novels, Michaelsen, Scott. "Ely S. Parker and Amerindian Voices in Ethnography. A biography and a history of Ely Samuel Parker or Ha-sa-no-an-da, a Seneca Indian of pure lineage, born in 1828 near Indian Falls, town of Pembroke, Genesee County, New York. To the astonishment of many, he married a white woman young enough to be his daughter, Minnie Sackett. Ely and Minnie Parker's only child was born August 14, 1878 in Fairfield, Connecticut. As an engineer, Parker contributed to upgrades and maintenance of the Erie Canal, among other projects. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. Parker became the chief architect of President Grant's Peace Policy in relation to the Native Americans in the West. [6]. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca U.S. Army officer, attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. '[11] Parker was brevetted brigadier general of United States Volunteers on April 9, 1865, and of United States Army March 2, 1867. Beginning in the 1840s, when Ely was a teenager, the Parker home became a meeting place of non-Indian scholars who were interested in the Haudenosaunee, such as Lewis Henry Morgan, Henry Rowe Schoolcraft and John Wesley Powell who all played a role in the studies that formed anthropology as an academic discipline. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. The Senecas were one of the tribes of the great Iroquois Confederation called the Six Nations. During the Civil War, Parker, a close friend and colleague of General Ulysses S. Grant, served the Union cause and penned the final copy of the Confederate army's surrender terms at the Appomattox Courthouse in 1865.. Ely Samuel Parker (Ha-sa-no-an-da) was born in … After the Civil War, Parker was commissioned as an officer in the 2nd United States Cavalry on July 1, 1866. Parker, Foxhall Alexander → sister projects: Wikidata item. Realizing the significance of the law to his future and that of his people, he turned his attention in that direction. Ely Samuel Parker (1825 – 31.elokuuta, 1895) oli seneca-heimoon kuulunut intiaani, josta tuli Yhdysvaltain armeijan upseeri ja vähäksi aikaa intiaaniasiain komissari.. Ely Parkerin alkuperäinen intiaaninimi oli Hasanoanda, mutta paremmin tunnettu on hänen myöhemmin ottamansa nimi Donehogawa "Läntisen oven pitäjä". When still a teenager, he was one of three chosen to meet with President James K. Polk to discuss grievances over the sale of reservation lands to a land developer. The relationship proved important for both men; as Parker helped Morgan become an anthropological pioneer, Morgan helped Parker make connections in the larger white-dominated society he later had to work and live in. When Grant was elected president, he appointed Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the first Native American to hold that post. Parker syntyi vuonna 1825 Tonawandan reservaatissa … 1828 – August 31, 1895. He helped draft the surrender documents, which are in his handwriting. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography Parker, Ely Samuel. In Ulysses S. Grant: Grant’s presidency. It was a short-lived career, however, for after but two years he was charged with the misuse of federal funds. They had one daughter, Maud Theresa Parker (1878–1956).[12]. Angel when he had served as sub-agent from 1846 to 1848 for the New York Indian Agency. Maud Theresa Parker. He was subsequently transferred with Grant as the adjutant of the U.S. Army headquarters and served Grant through the Overland Campaign and the Siege of Petersburg. He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant to General Ulysses S. Grant. The life of General Ely S. Parker : last grand sachem of the Iroquois and General Grant's military secretary. He then sought to join the Union Army as an engineer, but was told by Secretary of War Simon Cameron that as an Indian, he could not join. As a supervisor of government projects in Galena, Illinois, he befriended Ulysses S. Grant, forming a strong and collegial relationship that was useful later. Gen Ely Samuel Parker Original name: Ely Donehogehweh Memorial# 3603; Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, Erie County, New York, USA Plot: Section 12, Lot 1, - - - - - Find A Grave; The Life of General Ely S. Parker: Last Grand Sachem of the Iroquois and General Grant's Military Secretary by Arthur Caswell Parker - Buffalo Historical Society, 1919 - Buffalo (N.Y.) - 346 pages Biography… He was named Ha-sa-no-an-da and later baptized Ely Samuel Parker. The Senecas were one of the tribes of the great Iroquois Confederation called the Six Nations. At the time Morgan was a young lawyer involved in forming “The Grand Order of the Iroquois”, a fraternity of young white men from Upstate New York who romanticized their image of the American Indian and wanted to model their group after “Iroquois“ ideals. The house that Parker occupied during his stay in Ellicottv… Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. See also Ely S. Parker on Wikipedia, and our Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography disclaimer. [5], It was Parker who first encountered the scholar Lewis Henry Morgan, through a chance meeting in a bookstore. Parker began his career in public service by working as an interpreter and diplomat for the Seneca chiefs in their negotiations with the United States government about land rights and treaty rights. Working first as a tribal diplomat, and later forming a... – Lytt til Ely S. Parker fra Biography direkte på mobilen din, surfetavlen eller nettleseren - ingen nedlastinger nødvendig. His mother was the granddaughter of Sos-he-o-wa, successor of the great Haudenosaunee spiritual leader Handsome Lake.[3]. Indians at this time were not citizens, despite being native born. One such individual was Parker, who early in life determined to live and succeed in the white world. The 1888 edition notes that he was a chief of the Six Nations. Parker lived his last years in poverty, dying in Fairfield, Connecticut on August 31, 1895. [9] Parker contacted his colleague and friend Ulysses S. Grant, whose forces suffered from a shortage of engineers. After leaving government service, Parker invested in the stock market. Biography of Ely S. Parker. By Daryl Watson. Guest: Dr Claudia Haake … He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant and secretary to General Ulysses S. Grant. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Board of Commissioners of the New York Police Department, “Historic Seneca Leaders”, Seneca Nation of Indians official website, "Gerry J. Gilmore, "Seneca Chief Fought Greed, Injustice, The Indian Citizenship Act (1924) (43 Stat. Born on the Tonawanda Reservation in western New York in 1828, the son of Elizabeth Johnson and William Parker, Ely Parker was … Notably, Grant named Ely S. Parker, a Seneca Indian who had served with him as a staff officer, commissioner of Indian affairs, and Grant’s wife persuaded him to appoint Hamilton Fish secretary of state. — PARKER, Ely Samuel, soldier, b. in the Indian reservation, … Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca U.S. Army officer, attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. Ely S. Parker (1828-1895) was the first Native American commissioner of Indian affairs. Gen. John Eugene Smith. The Life of General Ely S. Parker - Ebook written by Arthur Caswell Parker. [Arthur C Parker] ... Ely Samuel Parker: Material Type: Biography, Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: Arthur C Parker . He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant and secretary to General Ulysses S. Grant. Ely S. Parker was a Seneca Indian born in 1828 on the Tonawanda Indian Reservation in western New York. He wrote the final draft of the Confederate surrender … Ely S. Parker (1828-1895) was the first Native American commissioner of Indian affairs. He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant and secretary to General Ulysses S. Grant. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. I shook his hand and said, 'We are all Americans. He became Do-ne-ho-ga-wa, or “Open Door”, as an adult, but his white name was Ely Parker, a name he readily adopted. Although largely vindicated, he resigned and turned his attention away from government. • Armstrong, William H. Warrior in Two Camps. Parker resigned from the army with the brevet rank of brigadier general of Regulars on April 26, 1869.[1]. He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant to General Ulysses S. Grant. Beginning in 1847, Ely Parker continued his education with the thought that he would become a lawyer by "reading of the law" in the offices of Angel and Rice in Ellicottville, New York, north of the Allegany Reservation. Biography. |  Developed by Belstar Media, Garret Johnson – The Galena African-American Heritage Foundation, Toys through Time: Holiday Antique Toy Show, Galena River Wine & Cheese 2nd Annual Portfolio Tasting. [13] On January 20, 1897, his body was exhumed and reinterred at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo, New York. After the war, in 1867 Parker married Minnie Orton Sackett (1849–1932). Shortly after Grant took office as president in March 1869, he appointed Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Life of General Ely S. Parker. By the time of Parker’s birth, this once powerful confederation had been reduced to a scattering of reservations struggling for identity and survival. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), (born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa) was a Seneca attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. Riis featured Parker as a character in a short story, "A Dream of the Woods," about a Mohawk woman and her child stranded in Grand Central Terminal.[13]. ", This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 14:58. Ely S. Parker : biography. See more ideas about Ely, Parker, Seneca indians. In fact, Ely’s grandmother had been white, a fact of which few were aware. Gr 6 Up—Bruchac's outstanding biography chronicles General Ely S. Parker's remarkable life as a Sachem for the Seneca nation, a civil engineer, a lawyer, a general, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and an investor. Biography, Generals, History, Iroquois Indians, Seneca Indians, United States, United States. 211 South Bench Street, Galena, IL 61036, © 2018 Galena History Museum  |  All Right Reserved. He wrote the final draft of the Confederate surrender … Ely had a classical education at a missionary school, was fully bilingual, and went … This firm had represented the Seneca Indians in several cases, and Parker had been previously acquainted with W.P. He was elected a Veteran Companion of the New York Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, a military society of officers of the Union armed forces and their descendants. Both of his parents were of prominent Seneca families; while his father was a miller by trade and a Baptist minister,[2] he was also respected as a Tonawanda Seneca chief who had fought for the States in the War of 1812. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca U.S. Army officer, attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. Ely Samuel Parker, geboren als Hasanoanda und später bekannt als Donehogawa (* 1828; † 30. What began as a curiosity would later become a lifelong vocation as his innate winemaking talent revealed itself. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. Ely finally slid into an engineering post with the New York City Police Department, a position he held until his death in 1895. 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