Though never ruling in his own right, the line of Miran Shah played a prominent role in the history of the Timurid Empire. He died there in 1411. Feb 27, 2017 - Sultan Muhammad Mirza, sixth son of Miran Shah It attempts to understand public perception towards the peace process including the levels of people’s awareness and satisfaction, and their assessment of the successes and Timur was said to have been at the point of ordering his son's execution, only refraining due to the intercession of his relatives and nobles. The Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM) held a public gathering in Miranshah, the capital of North Waziristan, on Sunday. Transoxiana was then given to Shahrukh Mirza's son Ulugh Beg. [26], harvtxt error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWoods1990 (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Miran_Shah&oldid=995154830, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Daulatgaldi Agha — daughter of Payanda Sultan, son of Jahangir Barlas, Rajab Sutlan Begum, married to Sa'd Waqas (son of, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 15:06. [5], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khalil_Sultan&oldid=903468176, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Upon Timur's death in 1405 Khalil viewed himself as his successor. Shah Rukh, governor of Herat and Timur's other surviving son, made no offensive move against his nephews at this point. He received his wife back, and was appointed governor of Ray. [4][5] Several years later, the last of the Kartids, Ghiyas-uddin's son Pir Muhammad, was killed by Miran Shah in a banquet that the latter hosted. Daulatshah states that Timur was moved to tears when Khanzada presented to him her blood-stained chemise, though this episode was not confirmed in contemporary sources. [2], Meanwhile, Shahrukh Mirza, who was ruling in Herat, also decided to press his claims. Official histories only state that Miran Shah made crude accusations against her that were later disproved. Babur was the son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, son of Abu Sa’id Mirza, son of Sultan Muhammad Mirza, son of Miran Shah Mirza, son of Timur. Timur appoints his son Miran Shah as Timurid viceroy of Azerbaijan. He was later killed whilst battling against the Timurid's traditional rivals, the Qara Qoyunlu. Martin I of Aragon becomes King of Sicily. Stories were heard in the imperial court of chaotic gambling, drinking bouts held within mosques and gold coins being scattered from palace windows to frenzied mobs. [9] Timur sent Miran Shah who, after a protracted siege of several months, had Tus sacked and razed, with the city suffering a heavy death toll. Contrary to his usual practise however, Timur treated the prisoners leniently and returned them to Tokhtamysh. This was said to be due to the latter's Semitic descent. Life. Umar Shaikh, his second son was slain by an arrow shot by the Kurds. Chief among these was his inability to capture the fortress of Alinja from the Jalairid Sultanate in 1395. His grandson Abu Sa'id Mirza eventually came to rule the majority of Transoxiana in the latter half of the 15th century. In 1905, the British constructed Miramshah Fort to control North Waziristan. Miran the Pious (1366-16 April 1408) was a general of the Timurid Empire, and the son of Timur. According to Abu'l Fazl, the Grand Vizier of his descendant Akbar, Muhammad Mirza's mother was Mihr Nush of the Fulad Qiya tribe. He distinguished himself during the campaign in India and in 1402 […] However, after facing accusations of destructive and hedonistic behaviour, the prince was later deposed from these roles by the emperor. Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/Persian: خلیل سلطان‎) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409. Timur was also the founder of the dynasty that the Mughals belonged to. He distinguished himself during the campaign in India and in 1402 was given rule of the Ferghana Valley. Property Value; dbo:abstract Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/Persian: خلیل سلطان‎) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. Jahan Sultan Agha, daughter of Ali Mirza Arlat; Muhammad Bahadur Mirza - Jahan Sultan Agha; Muhammad Bayqara Mirza - Shad Malik Agha; Khichak Agha, Shirin Beg Agha - with Jahan Sultan Agha; Sultan Badi-al-Mulk Agha - with Shad Malik Agha, married to, This page was last edited on 25 June 2019, at 21:40. Abū Saʿīd Mirza (Chagatay/Persian: ابو سعید میرزا‎‎) was the son of Muḥammad son of Miran Shah son of Amir Timur (Herat, 1424–1469), and was a Timurid Empire ruler in Transoxiana, Khurasan and the southern Caspian region, what is today parts of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Azerbaijan and Afghanistan and member of the Timurid dynasty. A woman, her son and three daughters were found dead on Thursday morning at their house in Gujranwala's Dongranwala. [14][18], In 1399, Timur sent a detachment of troops under his nephew Sulaiman Shah to investigate his concerns. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. Miramshah was named after the Timurid ruler, Miran Shah, the son of Timur. Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/Persian: خلیل سلطان ‎) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 18 February 1405 to 1409. Miran Shah quickly crushed the rebellion and annexed the Kartid capital of Herat, which he made his viceregal seat. A miniatur e painting (dated 1702-1712) of Timur , his descendants and the Mughal emper ors. Following Timur's death in 1405, Miran Shah became embroiled in the ensuing war of succession, having thrown his support behind his son Khalil Sultan. Miran Shah was the son of Timur Lenk, the leader of the Timurid Empire, and aided him in his conquest of the Middle East after 1370.He conquered the Kartid Empire of Afghanistan in 1383, and was made the Governor of Persia. T imur is in the centre and on his right is his son Miran Shah (the first Mughal emperor Babur’s great-great- grandfather) and then Abu Said (Babur’s grandfather). All of these claimants to the Timurid throne, with the exception of Shah Rukh, were dead by 1410. The two princes drove out Jalayir at Tabriz before being forced to contend with another former enemy: Qara Yusuf, ruler of the Black Sheep Turkomans. His friends and advisers, among whom were well known figures, were severely punished, with some being executed for the alleged crime of corrupting the prince and leading him astray. Khalil Sultan : biography 1384 – November 4, 1411 Khalil Sultan (Chagatai/) was the Timurid ruler of Transoxiana from 1405 to 1409. Legacy. Although his designated successor was his grandson Pir Muhammad b. Jahangir, Timur was ultimately succeeded in power by his son Shah Rukh. Some of Tokhtamysh's most distinguished followers were taken captive, who were then escorted by Miran Shah to his father's winter quarters in Qarabagh, where they were presented to Timur in chains. [7][8], Several revolts were also put down by Miran Shah in subsequent years. [11] Miran Shah was instructed to arrest the founder of the movement Fazlallah Astarabadi al-Hurufi who was, according to legend, executed by the prince himself. Shams-i-Jahan, however, had Khudaidad Hussain executed for his treason to Khalil and returned Khalil his kingdom. Miran Shah's excessive lifestyle evidently took its toll on his health, as he was described by Clavijo as "big and fat, and he suffers much from the gout. Ulugh Beg becomes governor of Samarkand. His mother was a concubine, Mengli Khatun, daughter of Hayut of the Jauni Qurban tribe. During his father's reign, Miran Shah was initially a powerful regional governor and prominent military commander, having aided Timur in his conquests as well as suppressing several revolts. During Timur's lifetime, Khalil Sultan gained Timur's particular favor. He was a son of Miran Shah and a grandson of Timur. A famine caused him to be even more despised. [6], However Miran Shah, who had been suffering from mental issues following a fall from his horse several years earlier, began to show increasingly destructive tendencies during his rule. In the struggle that followed Timur's death in 1405, his son Aba Bakr managed to oust Jalayirid forces from Tabriz and Miran Shah reestablished himself in Azerbaijan. [2], Miran Shah was born in 1366, the third of Timur's four sons. He marched with Aba Bakr in an attempt to reinforce Khalil, but eventually turned back. Khanzada reported her husband's rebellious intentions as well as complaining about her mistreatment at his hands. The kingdom was then under the rule of the Kartid dynasty, who quickly submitted to Timur's army. Tokhtamysh, the Khan of the Golden Horde and Timur's erstwhile ally, sent his army against the invading force and defeated their advance-guard, resulting in the loss of forty of Timur's officers. Timur's appointed successor Pir Muhammad was quickly cast aside, and Khalil gained control of Samarkand. January 1 – The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English. Shortly thereafter, the Turkoman ruler sent Miran Shah's head and body, along with his own condolences, to Shah Rukh, who had emerged the victor in the war of succession. The poet Daulatshah reported that Miran Shah also ordered the tomb of the historian Rashid-al-Din Hamadani be dismantled and for his bones to be re-interred in a Jewish cemetery. [18] Instead, Miran Shah was deposed from his lands and assigned to Timur's own retinue, where he would remain for the next four years. In 1396 Tamerlane appointed his son Miran Shah as viceroy of Azerbaijan. [4], Khalil's rule in Samarkand finally ended when Shahrukh Mirza entered the city unopposed on May 13, 1409. 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