; Adagio: “Slow tempo.”In ballet, a tempo in which the dancer moves slowly and gracefully. After a demi-plié in the fifth position the working foot glides along the floor to a strong point a few inches from the floor. Ballet Terminology is very important to learn for anyone starting with this form of dance. The former is known as quatrième position croisée (crossed fourth position), while the latter is called quatrième position ouverte (open fourth position). This is why the official language of ballet is French. Balancé may be done crossing the foot either front or back. This is the popular turn in which the dancer executes a series of turns on the supporting leg while being propelled by a whipping movement of the working leg. Petits battements are executed with the supporting foot à terre, sur la demi-pointe or sur la pointe. See Battement en cloche, grand. Glissade may also be done sur les pointes. On reaching the open position both knees must be held taut. Remember: Dancers work many years to achieve a full 90-degree turn-out!Wait…where’s Third Position? Broken, breaking. The function of grands battements is to loosen the hip joints and turn out the legs from the hips. An exercise in which the working leg is raised from the hip into the air and brought down again, the accent being on the downward movement, both knees straight. The toe of the working foot describes an oval, the extreme ends of which are the second position en l’air and the supporting leg. On the points. The working foot slides from the first or fifth position to the second or fourth position without lifting the toe from the ground. In this position the dancer faces either one of the two front corners of the room. Saut de basque may also be performed with a double turn in the air. Closed sissonne. À la seconde: “To the second position” or “to the side,” as in plié à la seconde or grand battement à la seconde. In the third position one foot is in front of the other, heels touching the middle of the other foot. The term is usually abbreviated to changement. In the Cecchetti method, the working foot is brought up to the retiré position with the toe pointed at the side of the knee (retiré de côté) before extending the leg in the required direction. This is essentially a male dancer’s step although contemporary choreographers use this tour for girls. You may find it easier to watch a video demonstration of the ballet moves – we just started adding them. When a grand plié is executed in either the first, third or fourth position croisé (feet in the fifth position but separated by the space of one foot) or the fifth position, the heels always rise off the ground and are lowered again as the knees straighten. The force for the first turn is taken by the R arm, which opens to the second position. In steps and exercises the term en dehors indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise. Tour en l’air may also be finished in various poses such as attitude, arabesque, grande seconde or on one knee. One of the directions of épaulement. In this position the feet form one line, heels touching one another. Fifth position R foot front (L hand on bar, R arm in second position). When the foot reaches the position pointe tendue, it then returns to the first or fifth position. Behind, back. The other foot, which is pointed a few inches from the floor, slides into the fifth position in demi-plié. In the French and Russian Schools the feet are completely crossed so that the heel of the front foot touches the toe of the back foot and vice versa. Meaning ‘to bounce’, it refers to ease and lightness in jumps, describing their quality instead of height. Separated, thrown wide apart. The working foot is placed on the part of the leg between the base of the calf and the beginning of the ankle. Today quatrième position croisée is done with the feet placed as in the fifth position, parallel and separated by the length of one foot, instead of the third position. ; À terre: "On the ground," indicates a movement. This step consists of coupé dessous and coupé dessus performed in a series with a rocking, swinging movement. Running. This pose may be taken devant or derrière, either à terre or en l’air. This pirouette is usually performed by male dancers. A traveling step in which the dancer turns in the air with one foot drawn up to the knee of the other leg. One of the basic poses in ballet, arabesque takes its name from a form of Moorish ornament. A traveling step executed by gliding the working foot from the fifth position in the required direction, the other foot closing to it. Pricked pirouette. A big leap forward preceded by a preliminary movement such as a pas couru or a glissade, which gives the necessary push-off. This sissonne is usually performed with high elevation and is done from a demi-plié on both feet and finished on one foot with the other leg raised in the desired pose, such as attitude, arabesque, à la seconde, etc. The crossing of the legs with the body placed at an oblique angle to the audience. Ballet terms are French (a few are Italian) because the French were the first to codify ballet technique. All steps where the dancer jumps are considered allégro, such as sautés, jetés, cabrioles, assemblés, and so on. WHO DOES BALLET? Stretched. Can be a great tool for teaching terms to new ballet learners of ALL ages! A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l’air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee. Assemblé may also be done with a beat for greater brilliance. Allégro in Ballet Class In ballet class, allégro combinations are usually done … Coda The ballet term associated with the exciting and upbeat part of a performance or class. In reference to a particular step (for example, glissade derriére), the addition of derrière implies that the working foot is closed at the back. Refer to the pictures below and match your feet to each of them to the best of your ability. ABT JKO School Children’s Division Online Community Classes. It is done forward to attitude croisée or effacée, and to all the arabesques. A Polish folk dance in 3/4 time which has been introduced into a number of ballets as a character dance. The petits battements are: Battements tendus, dégagés, frappés and tendus relevés: stretched, disengaged, struck and stretched-and-lifted . All steps of elevation begin and end with a demi-plié. For ronds de jambe à terre en dedans, reverse the movements. The Russian School (Vaganova) has a preparatory position and three standard positions of the arms. In the French School the term is used to indicate a position or direction of the body similar to effacé, that is, à la quatriéme devant ouvert or effacé devant en l’air. First position (Première position): If the développé is at 90 degrees, the working leg is brought from sur le cou-de-pied to retiré, that opens in the desired direction as the supporing knee straightens. Correct body placement is essential in all kinds of pirouettes. The arms should hang quite loosely but not allowing the elbows to touch the sides. In the French School and the Cecchetti method, ballotté is performed on one spot. Five positions of the feet. Rond de jambe on the ground. the leg moves evenly until reaching the angle of 45 or 90 degree and is sustained momentarily in the extended position before slowly returning to sur cou-de-pied as the suppoting leg executes a demi-plié. Now, people of all ages and Below are the seven movements that provide the basis of ballet … The raising of the body on the tips of the toes. The arm on the side of the raised leg is held over the head in a curved position while the other arm is extended to the side. The body must be well centered over the supporting leg with the back held strongly and the hips and shoulders aligned. The head is the last to move as the body turns away from the spectator and the first to arrive as the body comes around to the spectator, with the eyes focused at a definite point which must be at eye level. Sissonne is named for the originator of the step. With a little spring return to the fifth position in demi-plié. Large jeté. The Cecchetti method has five standard positions with a derivative of the fourth position and two derivatives of the fifth position. Effacé is also used to qualify a pose in which the legs are open (not crossed). Even-numbered entrechats are done en face or en tournant, while odd-numbered entrechats are done devant, derrière, en tournant, the côté or de volée. Pirouettes are performed en dedans, turning inward toward the supporting leg, or en dehors, turning outward in the direction of the raised leg. In the grand plié in the second position or the fourth position ouverte (feet in the first position but separated by the space of one foot) the heels do not rise off the ground. See Jeté en tournant en avant, grand (Cecchetti method). As, for example, in glissade en arriére. The supporting foot springs from the floor and the landing is made in fondu on the working leg with the other foot extended in the air or sur le cou-de-pied. A complete A-Z glossary of ballet language used to define steps in class. It is important to start the jump with a springy plié and finish it with a soft and controlled plié. In the French School, relevé is done with a smooth, continuous rise while the Cecchetti method and the Russian School use a little spring. The dancer tries to remain in the air in a definitely expressed attitude or arabesque and descends to the ground in the same pose. Plié means to bend or bending. See Battement relevé lent. There are a number of attitudes according to the position of the body in relation to the audience:for example, attitude croisée, attitude effacée, attitude de face. This product contains 99 flashcards of basic ballet terminology and their definitions. Fifth position R foot front. Assemblés are done petit or grand according to the height of the battement and are executed dessus, dessous, devant, derrire, en avant, en arrire and en tournant. They are done with the supporting foot flat on the ground , on the body. to bend (standing leg or legs) - either demi (half) or grand (big), heels come off the floor in grand plié in all positions except second Click again to see term 1/36 Demi-plié in preparation for a small spring into the air, opening both legs slightly. The French School terms this step “faux entrechat cinq ramassé”. Both legs come to the ground simultaneously in the fifth position. Struck battement. Indicates: (1) that a movement is to be made in the air; for example, rond de jambe en l’air; (2) that the working leg, after being opened to the second or fourth position à terre, is to be raised to a horizontal position with the toe on the level of the hip. This is the dancer’s “attention.” The arms form a circle with the palms facing each other and the back edge of the hands resting on the thighs. Large battement like a bell. Ballet originated in Italy and was formalized over centuries in France, which is why most ballet terms are in French or Italian. At the same time, lower the arms, then quickly raise them through the first position to the third position to help provide force for the jump. The working leg is thrust into the air, the underneath leg follows and beats against the first leg, sending it higher. There are two kinds of ballonné: ballonné simple, which may be performed petit or grand; and ballonné compose, which is a compound step consisting of three movements. Ballet should look effortless; likewise, this quiz/worksheet combo will help you effortlessly recall key concepts and vocabulary in ballet. Épaulement gives the finishing artistic touch to every movement and is a characteristic feature of the modern classical style compared to the old French style. In the Cecchetti method there are eight set exercises on port de bras. This direction is termed “ouvert” in the French method. Half-bend of the knees. It is usually preceded by a chassé or a pas couru to give impetus to the jump. They are done dessus, dessous, en avant and en arrire. If the échappé is done in the second position the R foot may be closed either front or back. The arms should be softly rounded so that the points of the elbows are imperceptible and the hands must be simple, graceful and never flowery. Also taught at 25 degrees, round of the leg - tendu front, make a circle toward side with toe, then toward back (en dehors or outward) or back,side, front (en dedans or inward), to melt - one leg pliés and straightens (standing leg) the other leg may be moving or stationary, developed - unfolding working leg in the air - through a passé position, body position standing on one leg with the other extended to the back. Cabriole may be done devant, derrière and à la seconde in any given position of the body such as croisé, effacé, écarté, etc. The accent of the movement comes when the foot is in the second position en l’air. On the “upbeat” the R foot is drawn in an arc to the fourth position back (the head turns forward) and the dancer begins a series of ronds de jambe à terre en dehors. Sideways. In all entrechats both legs beat equally. In all pliés the legs must be well turned out from the hips, the knees open and well over the toes, and the weight of the body evenly distributed on both feet, with the whole foot grasping the floor. Fifth position R foot front. In the Cecchetti assemblé both knees are bent and drawn up after the battement so that the flat of the toes of both feet meet while the body is in the air. In steps and exercises the term en dedans indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front. One of the directions of épaulement in which the dancer stands at an oblique angle to the audience so that a part of the body is taken back and almost hidden from view. Both legs must be kept perfectly straight and all movement must come from the hip, along with the arching and relaxing of the instep. Total Cards. A step in which the working foot slides well along the ground before being swept into the air. Fifth position (Cinquième position): Tossed. I have invited some amazing local students to help me in this project. Stand on the R leg facing corner 2 in the second arabesque à terre. This must be done with apparent ease, the rest of the body remaining quiet. This is an exercise at the bar in which the working foot is held sur le cou-de-pied and the lower part of the leg moves out and in, changing the foot from sur le cou-de-pied devant to sur le cou-de-pied derrière and vice versa. The art of using the face and body to express emotion and dramatic action. Turnout is when the legs are rotated from the hips so that both the feet and knees are turned outward. Battements dégagés strengthen the toes, develop the instep and improve the flexibility of the ankle joint. This term may refer to a movement, step or placing of a limb in back of the body. Translation: Knee-bend. Also used in the singular, “sur la demi-pointe.”. Understanding the basic positions is a great place to start when beginning … Assembled or joined together. This position corresponds to the fifth position en bas, Cecchetti method. In the Russian School, ballotté is performed traveling forward on ballotté en avant and backward on ballotté en arrire to the place from which the first jump began. It is the basis of the allegro step, the jeté. The feet should glide rapidly to the open position and both feet must move evenly. The direction of the body is effacé with the body inclining backward or forward with each change of weight. The foundation of this step is a fouetté movement with a jeté battu. Both jeté dessus and jeté dessous may be beaten. Ball-like or bouncing step. Forward. An example of this is jeté fondu. Barre is one of the most common terms in ballet. Through common usage the term has become abridged to développé. Grands battements can be taken devant, derrière and à la seconde. The leg is in contact with the floor. Sign up here. Open, opened. Balancé may also be done en avant or en arrire facing croisé or effacé and en tournant. En dehors (Russian School): Fourth position R foot back. Sinking down. A term of the French School. The arms are held en attitude with the raised arm being on the same side as the extended leg. Large battement. Same as pas de bourrée suivi. All demi-pliés are done without lifting the heels from the ground. There are two ways to relevé. The step may be performed with straight knees at 45 degrees or with développés at 90 degrees. Carriage of the arms. Tendu. Indicates that an exercise is to be executed to the fourth position front, to the second position and to the fourth position back, or vice versa. Used to indicate that a step is to be made to the side, either to the right or to the left. Basque jump. Like a bell. When a glissade is used as an auxiliary step for small or big jumps, it is done with a quick movement on the upbeat. Attitude (ah tea tude) - A variation on the arabesque. Under. A direction for the execution of a step. Basic Ballet Terms. The word “Ballet” itself is French in origin, ballet is a classical dance form with flowing patterns to create expression through movement. Inward. Jeté beaten. This use of the eyes while turning is called “spotting.” Pirouettes may be performed in any given position, such as sur le cou-de-pied, en attitude, en arabesque, à la seconde, etc. It is traveled directly to the side, on a diagonal traveling upstage, in a circle, etc. Échappés may also be done en croix. Battement stretched. The feet are on the same line but with a distance of about one foot between the heels. There are six glissades: devant, derrière, dessous, dessus, en avant, en arrière, the difference between them depending on the starting and finishing positions as well as the direction. Ronds de jambe en l’air may also be done with the leg extended to the second position en l’air (demi-position) and closed to the calf of the supporting leg. In the air. Exercises on port de bras can be varied to infinity by combining their basic elements according to the taste of the professor and the needs of the pupil. A développé is a movement in which the working leg is drawn up to the knee of the supporting leg and slowly extended to an open position en l’air and held there with perfect control. En dehors (Cecchetti method): Fourth position R foot back. Pliés are done at the bar and in the centre in all five positions of the feet. like tendu and jèté, brush foot on floor, but with more energy so that it becomes a big, straight leg kick. 70 ballet terms with pictures (no accents) : ) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Demi-plié in the fifth position R foot front. The turn may be performed either en dedans or en dehors. Fifth position R foot front. See Déboulés; Tour, petit. BALLET TERMS DEFINITION A la seconde One of eight directions of the body, in which the foot is placed in second position and the arms are outstretched to second position. Pas jeté means "throwing step" and usually refers to a jump or a leap. Please try a different letter. Shouldering. Tax-Exempt ID #13-1882106. This website has been made possible by Karen Phillips and Infor. The other foot then pushes away from the floor so that both knees are straight and both feet strongly pointed for a moment; then the weight is shifted to the working foot with a fondu. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Website Feedback. The turn may be single, double or triple according to the ability of the dancer. The extended leg is raised behind the body but bent at the knee at an angle of 90 degrees. It is a series of turns on one foot with the free leg raised to the second position en l’air at 90 degrees. Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc. is a registered 501(c)(3) organization. As, for example, in piqué en arabesque, piqué développé and so on. During the jump the body turns in the air to the left and the L leg is thrown out (the legs almost come together and appear to interlace), passes the R in the air and finishes in the back at 90 degrees. This fouetté may also be executed from a preparation starting with a pas de bourrée en dedans and finishing with a coupé dessous, opening the working leg to quatrième devant. Tutu: The fluffy skirt worn by the female dancer. This step is very much like a pas de valse and is an alternation of balance, shifting the weight from one foot to the other. Whipped circle of the leg turning. Whirl or spin. The movement may be a short whipped movement of the raised foot as it passes rapidly in front of or behind the supporting foot or the sharp whipping around of the body from one direction to another. There are five basic positions of the feet in classical ballet, and every step or movement is begun and ended in one or another of these positions, which were established by Pierre Beauchamp, maître de ballet of the Académie Royale de Musique et de Danse from 1671 to 1687. In a pas de deux, the ballerina on point holds her pose and is slowly turned by her partner who walks around her holding her hand. A step in which one foot literally chases the other foot out of its position; done in a series. Third position (Troisième position): An échappé is a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position. Execute a pirouette en dehors on the L leg. Grand jeté is always preceded by a preliminary movement such as a glissade, pas couru or coupe. Glissade is a terre à terre step and is used to link other steps. A barre is a horizontal bar that is either fastened to walls or free standing that dancers use for additional support to perform exercises. This involves a high degree of flexibility and should be used to do nearly all ballet … As, for example, in pas de bourrée couru. Create your own flash cards! lt is a turn in the air in which the dancer rises straight into the air from a demi-plié, makes a complete turn and lands in the fifth position with the feet reversed. (ah la suh-GAWND) A Terre Literally the Earth. Whipped. The head turns and the eyes “spot”, providing additional force for the turns. Large fouetté, turning. Backward. The force of momentum is furnished by the arms, which remain immobile during the turn. Welcome to the Online Video Ballet Dictionary Where You Will Find Ballet Terms Defined for You! It may be seen today in such ballets as The Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake. There is a wide variety of pas jetés (usually called merely jetés) and they may be performed in all directions. Disengaged battement. The thigh must be kept motionless and the hips well turned out, the whole movement being made by the leg below the knee. which has little épaulement. Crossed. BALLET BASICS BALLET HISTORY Ballet began in Italy and France 400 years ago. A term applied to a whipping movement. As, for example, in rond de jambe à terre en dehors. Demi pliés are performed with the heels on the ground and the knees going directly over the toes. Petit jeté is done dessus, dessous, en avant, en arrière and en tournant. A step of low elevation performed to a quick tempo. Chased. There are two kinds of ronds de jambe à terre: those done en dedans (inward) and those done en dehors (outward). The French School has a preparatory position and five standard positions. Battements tendus may also be done with a demi-plié in the first or fifth position. These are the Italian positions. Indicates that the working foot passes in front of the supporting foot. Shaded. The body should rise at the same speed at which it descended, pressing the heels into the floor. Ronds de jambe en l’air are done at the bar and in centre practice and may be single, or double, en dehors or en dedans. 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